Influence of socio-demographic determinants in sexual behaviours with risk of contagious of HIV/AIDS in Cuba.
Esther María León Díaz, Centro de Estudios de Población y Desarrollo (CEPDE). ONE.
Mildred Iglesias Linares
Mercedes Mena Martínez, Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas
Although everyone can be exposed to the risk of infection of HIV/AIDS, people with risky behaviours are exposed in a higher degree. That’s why the study of their characteristics contributes to improve the efficiency of educational and communicational policies about this problematic. The objective is to analyze the evolution of the main characteristics of population with risk of infection of HIV/AIDS in Cuba between 2005 and 2006. The information source that was used for this study was the data base obtained in HIV/AIDS Surveys of Cuba in 2005 and 2006 . The dependent variable was the population with risky behaviours and as co-variables we used demographic, socio-economics, knowledge and perception indicators. To obtain these results we used: the method of exploratory analysis; the correlation analysis and the independence analysis from the contingence tables to select the co-variables that have significative statistic dependencies; and multivariate methods - logistic regression and probit regression- to evaluate the association of the variables estimating the probability of having risky behaviours, taking into account the different categories of perception of risk and levels of education. The use of condom in occasional sexual relations experience an increase between 2005 and 2006, meanwhile it declined among groups of male homosexual individuals. Also we observed that most people doesn’t have a real perception of contagious risk, and maintain high-risk behaviours.