Latin American migration and Canadian political migration as reference for international migratory policy

Fernando Neira Orjuela, Centro de investigaciones sobre América Latina y el Caribe (UNAM)

The objective of the communication that is presented is to discuss on the composition of the Latin American migration to Canada and the transformation experienced in the migratory policy from the opening happened in the Sixties and form in which it favored the migration of Latin American enormously, as well as its influence in the redefinition of the social and economic paper of other actors involved directly to the migratory process. In 1967 the “system of points” was introduced with two intentions. First he was to reduce immigration “sponsored” and the second, to establish a criterion to select described immigrants, including a those of the “Third World.” In 1974 the titled document To Report is put to discussion of the Canadian Immigration and Population Study, better well-known like The Creen Paper, where to the problems of the increasing urbanization and the decreasing proportion of French-speaking among other things are described and, in opposition to the White Paper who proposed a migratory policy focused described workers to satisfy the necessities of the industrialized areas. After all these discussions, the Immigration Act was decreed (1976) that took effect in 1978 and, which in general terms still it is in use. At the beginning of the ninety, the government focused more towards the economic component of the migratory flow, the financial support for the education of the language was increased to accelerate the integration of the immigrants in the labor market and a list became of “occupations” that required workers. In June of 2002 the Immigration Act (1976) was replaced by the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) that in the fundamental thing continued taking care of the aspects familiar, humanitarian and economic contemplated in the Act of 1976 and, at the same time imposed one more a stricter selection of the immigrants

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Presented in Session 70: Migration Policies